A high-risk pregnancy is one of greater risk to the mother or her fetus than an uncomplicated pregnancy. Pregnancy places additional physical and emotional stress on a woman’s body. Health problems that occur before a woman becomes pregnant or during pregnancy may also increase the likelihood for a high-risk pregnancy. The NICHD is one of many federal agencies working to improve pregnancy outcome, prevent high-risk pregnancy, and improve health outcomes for pregnant women who are at high risk. The NICHD supports and conducts research on the causes and optimal management of the high-risk pregnancy.
The period beginning immediately after the birth of a child and extending for about six weeks
World Health Organization (WHO) describes the postnatal period as the most critical and yet the most neglected phase in the lives of mothers and babies most deaths occur during the postnatal period a time in which the mother’s body, including hormone levels and uterus size, returns to a no pregnant state scientific literature, the term is abbreviated to Px, where x is a number day P2 Common Postpartum Complications . Hemorrhage, Perineal pain, Hemorrhoids and Constipation Breast Problems Mastitis Swollen breasts Clogged ducts Infections Urinary incontinence.
Hemorrhage Definition and Incidence
Loss of > 500 ml after vaginal delivery
Loss of > 1,000 ml following c-section
Early / Acute or Primary With 24 hours of birth
Late or Secondary • >24 hrs but < 6 week
PPH – Causes
Marked hypotonia of the uterus
Leading cause of PPH
Use of Magnesium Sulfate
Rapid or prolonged labor
Use of Pitocin for labor induction